With the global population and increasing hunger every single day, the farming industry is under a lot of pressure these days. This pressure describes itself as a need for producing more yields every year, way more than previous years. The amount of agricultural produce should be increased to meet the hunger needs satisfactorily till 2050. For this, the adoption of new farming technology is a must. But for doing that, all other socio-economic factors and natural hazards, as well as their effects, should be taken into consideration. With a lot of research, scientists have come up with a number of latest farming technologies. Let’s have a look at them.
Future of agriculture is defined in terms of the involvement of Robotics, Auto-machineries, Drones and many more farming innovations. Below mentioned are some of the latest farming technologies of 2019:
Research says, by 2028 synthetic biology will have immense potential in terms of producing different kinds of food including meat and drinks at lower costs than available presently. These factories do this by manipulating genes, which result in the creation of new properties and new flavors. The bioproduction industry is expected to reach $100B by the year 2020.
2) Indoor Commercial Farming using LED Grow Lights:
This farming technique uses the light recipe and allows any-season-farming by using LED grow lights customized as per their specific crop requirement. This innovation allows farmers to harvest 25 times a year. And this all can be done using 85% less energy. As a result, customers will get fresh vegetables throughout the year and the farmers will enjoy an increase in crop production with lower operational cost. Also, consumers will get vegetables without the harmful effects of harmful pesticides, preservatives, and fertilizers.
3) Management Systems:
For every task to perform, proper management is necessary. Same is withfarming. Farming involves a blend of processes and applications and maintaining and monitoring all of these functions in one instance is not an easy job. For this purpose, farm management systems have been developed which allows farmers in monitoring crop conditions, scheduling planting, harvesting and prioritizing daily and long term tasks. This all is done by gathering all the farming information in one app and can be done in a single interface.
4) Autonomous Farming Vehicles –
The autonomous farming vehicles can be used for a number of farming operations. These vehicles can be used for fruit picking, vegetable picking by replacing human pickers and trays, they can be used for transporting robots, they can also be used for measuring crop growth rates. Nowadays, many farming vehicles such as tractors come with a number of tractor implements or tools such as seeder, cultivator, scrapper, thresher allowing ease in farming activities. These vehicles are truly farmer’s friends and will be used enormously in the future.
Advantages of Modern Technology in Agriculture-
Farming and agricultural technology includes the use of environmentally sound farming methods, which have been explained above in this article. This technology allows using various types of equipment with combined efforts of biotechnology. Using these modern technologies in agriculture will benefit in the following ways:
Forecasting –With the invention of management systems, precision technology farmers can easily know the future conditions and requirements of the weather, supply, soil conditions, etc and more. Which will ultimately lead to precautionary efforts and then reduction in harms caused by uninvited disasters.
Accelerating Farming Production –With the invention of more technically advanced machinery, robots and drones, farmers have increased their annual production with comparatively fewer efforts.
Reduction in Cost of Production –The reduced number of risks, working manpower and forecasting, latest technology tractors has lead to less operational and production cost.
Crops higher in nutrition –Technology have introduced so many advanced types of machinery and tools, some of them allow farmers to know the required quantity of the fertilizer, soil fertility and weather forecast which lead to the production of more nutritious crops.
Lowers the Hunger Risk –As explained above, technology is enabling fast and quality products in the farming industry. Which will surely help to reduce the hunger risk in coming future.
Farming equipments and technology have together gifted all farmers a gift of ease in operations at a lower cost. For e.g. previously sowing seeds in the farms was a very hectic laborious manual process but now with a blend of technology along with farming technology seeding machines and precision seeders have come along with tractors. GPS enabled tractors are being used nowadays to control machine navigation throughout the farm. Similarly, harvesters can be combined with IOT and sensors to know the crop conditions.
These all are the required and mandatory technological changes in agriculture to see the hunger-free and satisfactory living on the earth.