Correctly maintaining a tractor will add years to its useful life. However, there are some basic differences in maintaining a tractor from other vehicles. The manufacturer has specific instructions for basic care of your equipment, and they have the expertise to give you the best advice on how to do it. If you don’t have a manual, get one.
Study your owner’s manual. The manufacturer has specific instructions for basic care of your equipment, and they have the expertise to give you the best advice on how to do it. If you don’t have a manual, get one.
Here are some items you should find in the Owner’s Manual:
1. Maintenance Schedule: This will tell you the intervals for routine maintenance, including chassis lubrication, engine, transmission, and hydraulic oil change, filter changes, and other maintenance items.
- Specifications. This should be a table telling you the type of fluid for the transmission, hydraulic system, brakes, and engine coolant, as well as their capacities. Tire inflation, bolt torques, and other information may be found under specifications or other sections of the manual.
- Location of lubricant points (grease fittings), fluid check dipsticks or sight glasses, and instructions on cleaning air and fuel filters. Basic operating instructions and other information specific to your tractor.
2. Obtain tools: Tractor maintenance requires numerous wrenches and other tools in larger sizes than for automobile maintenance, so plan to buy or borrow the tools you need.
3. Check the filters regularly: Most systems on tractors are equipped with filters to protect against dirt, water, or other contaminants that could cause failure of the components.
- Check the fuel filter for accumulated water. Most diesel engines have a water separating filter since diesel fuel attracts moisture.
- Check the air filter often. Tractors are often operated in very dusty conditions, and in some cases, the filters must be cleaned daily or weekly.